A miniature Rottweiler is not a recognized dog breed. A miniature Rottweiler comes from the crossing of a Rottweiler with a smaller breed, an exceptionally small Rottweiler, or a Rottweiler with dwarfism.
Why Do Some Prefer a Miniature Rottweiler?
As surprising as it might seem for some people familiar with a Rottie to prefer a smaller dog, there are reasons to consider the advantages of a somewhat smaller dog. A smaller-sized dog may be preferred for apartments or condos, for example.
Many apartment communities or condominium associations have dog size restrictions. Rottweilers who meet the breed size standard may be too large for these types of housing. Miniature Rotties may fit into these settings better than larger dogs.
Older owners or those living with disabilities may prefer a smaller dog. Full-size Rottweilers have great personalities but can be difficult for people with mobility issues to manage. Smaller dogs are better suited to such situations.
Some owners who already have smaller dogs may prefer not to get a larger Rottweiler. Larger dogs and small dogs often get along well, but there are legitimate safety concerns. Keeping a smaller Rottie around other small dogs may be preferable.
Although most Rottweilers are good with children, some parents prefer a smaller or medium-sized dog. Even though these dogs are smaller, they have many of the best traditional Rottie traits while having a smaller size.
How Are Miniature Rottweilers Different from Purebred Rottweilers?
There is no breed standard for a miniature Rottweiler. The easiest way to see how these dogs are different from other Rotties is by taking a closer look at the breed standard. Knowing how large most Rottweilers helps you understand what to expect.
According to the American Rottweiler Club, Rottweilers are large and powerful, as well as robust. Males stand 24 to 27 inches tall, while females are 22 to 25 inches tall.
Most males weigh 110 to 130 pounds, and females weigh about 75 to 110 pounds. Because these dogs were bred to help guard and drive livestock, a muscular appearance somewhat intimidating that thieves have been preferred, with females being less bulky.
This video demonstrates daily life for a traditional-sized male Rottweiler where viewers get an idea of the average size.
Anyone considering getting a Rottweiler smaller than the norm may need to consider factors ranging from special considerations if the dog is a dwarf to what to expect if the Rottie is a runt. Other important considerations include whether the dog is a mix.
How Likely is a Miniature Rottweiler to Be a Dwarf?
According to the Humane Society Veterinary Animal Medical Association, miniature-sized Rotties are unlikely to be the size they are because of dwarfism.
Rottweilers are not one of the breeds that tend to carry the gene that causes dwarfism. This gene, known as achondroplasia, is present in breeds like Bassett Hounds and Dachshunds, who have short legs. Dwarf Rotties have short limbs and large heads.
Dwarfism can cause health conditions that require expensive treatment, including surgery. One of these conditions is intervertebral disc disease. This is a painful condition affecting the spine that can lead to limb paralysis.
The veterinary school at Texas A & M recognizes the existence of two types of IVDD. Treatment may vary depending on the type of disc disease present.
Dwarf-sized Rottweilers are also somewhat more likely to have eye issues. In the most severe cases, these conditions may result in blindness. Owners who have dwarf Rotties need to prepare for the possibility of unanticipated veterinary expenses.
How Big is a Miniature Rottweiler from Purebred Parents?
Because there is no specific designation for Rotties smaller than the recognized size, there is no special designation for a miniature Rottweiler. A dog more diminutive than the height or weight ranges in the breed standard may be considered undersized.
Many of these dogs have one or both parents that were the “runts” of their litters. Although most breeders avoid such practices, some intentionally breed runts to produce smaller-than-average puppies for those who want smaller dogs.
According to the Canine Bible, runts may have health issues because of their size. Many puppies in this situation are weaker at birth than their larger counterparts.
Some of the problems that runts may end up with include compromised immune systems and weaker bones. These types of health issues are a reason that breeding runts are not considered an ethical or sound breeding practice.
Puppies that start off as runts may gain a reasonably healthy size as adults. Quality nutrition and regular veterinary care will make a difference in a dog’s health. Always make sure your dog has access to the best care, regardless of likely size.
Do Any Miniature Rottweilers Come from Mixes?
Because dogs with dwarfism and runts can have severe health problems, many people who enjoy Rottweilers but want a smaller dog choose a safer option with a crossbreed. These dogs are a mixture of a smaller breed, often a terrier and a Rottie.
The exact size of miniature Rottweilers of mixed ancestry is often challenging to determine. Some of the factors that determine size may include maternal health and diet. The quality of breeding that both parents come from also makes a difference.
One of the most significant advantages that crossbreed offer is that there are several kinds of dogs bred with Rottweilers to produce a small or at least medium-sized dog. These breeds range from larger working dogs to small breeds popular as companions.
Regardless of which path a prospective owner chooses, there are a few essential things to keep in mind. One is that they should be able to see the parents evaluate their health. Another is to avoid buying puppies sight unseen, especially from the Internet.
You might sometimes find Rottweiler mixes in shelters or foster-based rescues. Dogs in these settings have often received all their necessary vetting prior to being made available for adoption. This may be a great way to get a healthy puppy.
What Are Some Miniature Rottweilers That Come from Medium-Size Dogs?
Appenzeller Sennehund and Rottie cross combine the traits of a Rottweiler with a popular European cattle dog breed. A mixture of these breeds will be loyal and devoted to the family, as well as energetic and ready to get involved in sporty activities.
The coat is a tri-color that includes black and tan, as well as white. With one of these dogs, you will have a pet that likely bears a close resemblance to a purebred Rottweiler. These dogs will probably have a muscular build.
Many have also bred the Entlebucher Mountain Dog to Rottweilers for a somewhat smaller dog that has popular Rottie traits. These dogs have traditionally been used for herding cattle, and have a high intelligence level with a friendly personality.
Beagles are a popular breed to cross with Rotties, creating a mix known as a Reagle. These dogs may inherit the black and tan coat color of a Rottweiler while enjoying a smaller size of 15 to 27 inches and weighing between 50 to 85 pounds.
What Are Some Miniature Rottweilers That Come From Small Dogs?
Some breeders have successfully crossed male Chihuahuas with female Rottweilers to get a smaller dog that may have Rottweiler traits. However, because there is such a significant difference in size, the results are less predictable.
Rottles or Rottie-Poos are a mixture of a Rottweiler and a miniature or toy poodle. Poodles’ coats are hypoallergenic, and a Rottie mix with Poodle blood may also share this trait. In any case, these dogs usually have very manageable coats.
There are also two terrier breeds that possess similar markings to Rottweilers. These breeds are the Manchester Terrier and the Miniature Pinscher. One thing that people appreciate about these breeds is a sweet, family-friendly temperament.
Both these dogs have standard coat colors similar to those of a Rottie. Because of the substantially more diminutive size, owners can predict that offspring of these dogs and Rottweilers will stay medium-sized at the very most.
Is There Anything Special That Prospective Owners Should Know?
Although these dogs may be substantially smaller than their purebred counterparts, they will have many of the exact needs, such as proper mental stimulation, a high-quality diet, and regular grooming and veterinary care.
As with any breed, owners need to remember that individual dogs’ personalities will vary. Some miniature Rotties will act very typical of their breed, while those of mixed ancestry be share more of the non-Rottweiler parent’s personality.
What Are Exercise Requirements for a Miniature Rottweiler?
Rottweilers are usually quiet around the house but require regular mental stimulation. Daily playtime in a fenced yard or a regular walk at least three times a week is beneficial. Walks can help provide needed socialization for young dogs.
These dogs are happiest with a reasonable activity level. Owners who hike or otherwise take part in regular outdoor activities will enjoy outings with their miniature Rottweiler. Trips to a dog park can also be fun for these dogs.
What Food Should I Give a Miniature Rottweiler?
Your Rottie will do best with a food that has a high protein level and a balanced ratio of carbohydrates. Foods that list real meat as the first ingredient are more likely to offer the balanced nutrition that your dog requires.
If acquired as a puppy, your dog should eat high-quality puppy food until reaching 12 to 18 months. Puppy food for a miniature Rottweiler should also have a high protein ratio. Avoid foods with a lot of fillers and by-products.
How Much Grooming Should a Miniature Rottie Require?
Although most Rotties are unlikely to require regular professional grooming, your dog should have a good brushing weekly or twice weekly during shedding season.
Also, clean your dog’s ears regularly, as floppy ears are more susceptible to infections. Regular grooming and ear cleaning are good times to check for fleas and ticks.
A monthly bath should keep your dog’s coat in top condition. Consider using a shampoo and conditioner with essential oils for your dog’s skin. Gently towel-dry your dog’s coat or allow to air-dry if the temperature is warm enough.
Why is Regular Vet Care Important?
Healthy adult dogs will require annual veterinary visits for vaccines and routine checkups. If your dog is diagnosed with any significant health conditions, seeing a vet more often than once a year is sometimes necessary.
The relatively few serious health issues that miniature Rotties have will likely respond to treatment when administered sooner. When your dog sees a vet regularly, they will have a good assessment of your dog’s overall health.
Should Miniature Rottweilers Be Spayed or Neutered?
An essential expense that you will want to consider is spaying or neutering. Having your miniature Rottweiler altered helps to prevent unwanted litters. Rottweilers and their mixes, unfortunately, end up in shelters or rescues as other dogs do.
When you have a pet spayed or neutered, you are also helping to prevent life-threatening cancer like ovarian or testicular cancer. Altered dogs are also less likely to engage in unwanted behavior like fighting or wandering.
Are Miniature Rottweilers Worth Learning More About?
Even though there are relatively few smaller Rotties, people who have brought one into their lives have been very pleased with them. These dogs exhibit the same positive traits that make Rottweilers great pets, with a more manageable size.
Regardless of whether these smaller Rotties come from purebred parents, they may have health conditions that Rottweilers, in general, are vulnerable to developing. Puppies with dwarfism or that were runts may be more susceptible to some diseases.
Some miniature Rotties are mixed-breeds and may have the traits and health concerns of either or both breeds. When getting one of these dogs from a breeder, it is beneficial to make sure you use one that has ethical practices to ensure healthy dogs.
With an active life, proper diet, coat care, and vet care, a miniature Rottweiler will live a happy life. Rottweilers, regardless of their size, are one of the most popular family dogs.